Generate Random Sample

Generate Random Sample

 1. 

A big travel agent is about to design its business strategy for the next 3 years. Their business advisor suggests that they first carryout a survey to understand the market requirements on their services for the next three years. Design a questionnaire that could provide the market information and help the travel agent to make informed decisions.

In this situation, the need to carry out a market study to obtain information about the requirements of the tourism market has been raised, in order to design a business strategy for a big travel agent. Therefore, a statistical investigation will be designed to try to respond to the approaches of the travel agent.

  1. Research aims.

Provide the necessary information to establish indicators that allow to obtain the requirements of the market in the services offered by the big travel agent.

  1. Population and sample.

The population is composed of people with ages greater than or equal to 18 years, residing in the country where the offices of the big travel agent, who are in employment or are retired or pensioned, will be established. The population is defined in this way because they are the people who have the resources to pay for the services that the big travel agency will provide for the enjoyment of their vacations or holidays and could purchase the products that company will offer.

The sample will be selected in a non-probabilistic way, in the country where the big travel agency has its offices installed. To select the national sample, the country will be divided into regions (cities) and in each one of them a non-probabilistic sample will be selected. As a result, the type and class of sampling is stratified, where each stratum is made up of states in which the big travel agency has its offices.

  1. Data collection strategy.

A mixed collection strategy will be used to minimize non-response. For this reason, questionnaires will be sent by email, interviews will be conducted in person, phone calls will be made and promotions will be made to motivate people to respond to the questionnaire.

  1. Pilot survey.

A non-probabilistic sample of people over the age of 18 years on the university campus (workers, teachers or students) will be selected to test the questionnaire and make estimates of the performance of the respondents in conducting the interviews and collecting impressions from the participants about the questions asked. The size of the pilot sample will be n = 50 participants, to ensure that the sample is large enough to be applicable to the Large Numbers Act and to use the approximation to the normal distribution.

  1. Design of questionnaire.

See Annex A1. It is necessary to indicate that some questions were adapted from the questionnaires indicated in the references of this work.

  1. Definitions.

Tourism.

The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines “Travel Agency” as “an agency engaged in selling and arranging transportation, accommodations, tours, and trips for travelers —called also travel bureau”.

Aziri and Nedelea (2013) said that “tourism is an activity composed of those that offer touristic services and those that demand touristic services and have the willingness and the capability to pay for them. If seen from this point of view, tourism is in fact a business activity as any other that requires the existence of supply and demand at the same time and place, although products and services in tourism are specific due to the differences in culture, specific need and wants and the many factors that influence the decision and possibilities to travel abroad.”

Types of travels. 

In the Resident Tourism Survey, the Spanish Statistics Institute (2017), classifies the reasons why people travel as follows:

  1. Personal reasons
  2. Sun and beach tourism
  3. Cultural tourism
  4. Nature tourism
  5. Gastronomic tourism
  6. Sports tourism
  7. Thermal and wellness tourism (relaxation, beauty, detoxification …)
  8. Another type of leisure tourism (attendance at fairs as private, patron saint parties …)
  9. Visits to family or friends (weddings, funerals, meetings with friends …)
  10. Shopping Tourism
  11. Displacement to the usual study center
  12. Other grounds of education and training
  13. Health treatment (treatment with medical prescription, operations …)
  14. Religious motives or pilgrimages
  15. Incentives
  16. Other personal reasons
  17. Business and other professional reasons
  18. Congresses, fairs and conventions
  19. Moving to the workplace

For the purpose of this research, several categories will be grouped together and travel options will be reduced.

Business strategy 

Aziri and Nedelea (2013) indicates that “Michael Porter (1985) determines three major types of generic business strategies: cost leadership, differentiation and focus. The focus strategy on the other hand can be differentiation focus and cost focus”. These elements will be considered in the design of the investigation.

The cost leadership considers that the companies produce with a cost less than the one of its competitors.

The differentiation strategy means that companies try to differentiate themselves from their competitors, in aspects such as the products they produce, the promotions they make, the way in which they distribute their products, and so on.

The focus strategy implies that the company will be able to select a segment of the market in which it will compete and in which it will perform better than its competitors.

References

Travel agency.(n.d.). Retrieved August 23, 2017, from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/travel agency

Aziri, B. &Nedelea, A. (2013).Business strategies in tourism.Ecoforum, Volume 2, Issue 1(2), Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/260845056_BUSINESS_STRATEGIES_IN_TOURISM

Spanish Statistics Institute. (2017). Resident Tourism Survey. Retrieved from http://www.ine.es/dyngs/INEbase/en/operacion.htm?c=Estadistica_C&cid=1254736176990&menu=ultiDatos&idp=1254735576863

ANNEX A1. Questionnaire.

Research on the tourist market.

Questionnaire.

Dear Sir / Madam,

Thank you for your cooperation. We are conducting a survey to investigate some aspects of the tourist travel of people in this city. A series of questions will be asked, which we wish to answer as honestly as possible. Your answers will be treated strictly confidentially and will be used only within the framework of this research. We want to emphasize that individual data will not be disclosed, but that figures representing groups of people will be used. Thank you for your participation.

The person responsible for this survey is XXX and can be contacted through the phone yyy-yyyyyy and the email qwerty@provider.com, in case you want to make any questions or make any additional comments to this interview.

SECTION I. TRIPS. 

  1. Have you taken any tourism trip during the 30 days prior to this interview? 
1. Yes 2. No
  1. How many trips have you taken during this period?
  2. What was the main destination of the trip? Please collect data for up to four trips. Record the trips in chronological order.
Trip National destination Foreign destination
State City Country
1
2
3
4
  1. What was the main reason you decided to travel? (Note: Mark with an X in the corresponding box only one reason for each trip). 
Main reason Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4
  1. Sun and beach tourism
  2. Cultural tourism
  3. Nature tourism
  4. Gastronomic tourism
  5. Business or professional reasons
  6. Other
  1. What was the main transportation used to travel? (Note: transportation used to travel the longest distance to the destination of the trip. Mark with an X in the corresponding box only one main transportation for each trip)
MAIN TRANSPORTATION Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4
Aerial Normal
Low cost
Maritime or inland waterway Cruise
Ferry
Other maritime transportation
Land Private vehicle
Car rented without chauffeur
Taxis
Bus
Train
Not motorized
Other
  1. What was the main type of accommodation used on this trip?
Main accommodation Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4
a. Market accommodation
     1. Hotel or aparthotel
     2. Pension, motel or guesthouse
     3. Complete rental property
     4. Room for rent in a private home
     5. Camping
     6. Cruise
     7. Others
B. Non-market accommodation
     8. Holiday housing
     9. Borrowed housing
     10. Resort
     11. Others

SECTION II. USE OF TOUR PACKAGES 

  1. Did you buy a tour package for the trip? (Note: Mark with an X in the corresponding box for each trip).
Tour package Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4
1. Yes
2. No
  1. How much did you spend on tour packages on those trips?
Tour package Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4
Amount (US $)
  1. Which was included in the tour packages you purchased?
Trip Accommodation Transport Food and drink Recreation and sport activities
Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes No
Trip 1
Trip 2
Trip 3
Trip 4
  1. What was the travel agency with which you booked?

______________________________________________________________________________

  1. How did you book your tour package? (Note: Mark with an X in the corresponding box only one type of reservation for each trip)
Principal way of reservation Trip 1 Trip 2 Trip 3 Trip 4
Personally
Phone call
Smartphone app
E-mail
Web
  1. If the principal type of reservation for the longest trip was Smartphone app, what do you think about the Travel Agency app? For each of the following statements, state whether you are: 1. Strongly Agree, 2. Agree, 3. Undecided, 4. Disagree or 5. Strongly disagree. (Note: mark a number corresponding to the opinion issued for each statement).
Aspect to evaluate Strongly Agree Agree Undecided Disagree Strongly disagree
The app was easy to use. 1 2 3 4 5
The color scheme of the app is attractive. 1 2 3 4 5
The flow of the app seemed natural 1 2 3 4 5
The screens of the app say what I need to know at every step of the process 1 2 3 4 5
The app works correctly. 1 2 3 4 5
I would like to use apps like this every time I make a tourist reservation 1 2 3 4 5
The app was very useful to make the reservation. 1 2 3 4 5

 

  1. If the principal way of reservation for the longest trip was the Web, what do you think about the Travel Agency website? For each of the following statements, state whether you are: 1. Strongly Agree, 2. Agree, 3. Undecided, 4. Disagree or 5. Strongly disagree. (Note: mark a number corresponding to the opinion issued for each statement).
Aspect to evaluate Strongly Agree Agree Undecided Disagree Strongly disagree
The website was easy to navigate. 1 2 3 4 5
The color scheme of the website is attractive. 1 2 3 4 5
The combination of images and text of the web portal I liked. 1 2 3 4 5
The website was very useful to make the reservation. 1 2 3 4 5
The flow of the screens of the website was natural. 1 2 3 4 5
The website screens tell what I need to know at each stage of the process. 1 2 3 4 5

SECTION III. POSSIBLE TRIPS 

  1. Do you plan to take a tourism trip in the next twelve months?
1. Yes 2. No
  1. If the answer to the previous question is yes, where do you plan to travel?
National destination Foreign destination
State City Country
  1. Do you plan to take a tourism trip in a year?
1. Yes 2. No
  1. If the answer to the previous question is yes, where do you plan to travel?
National destination Foreign destination
State City Country
  1. Planning to undertake a tourism trip in two years?
1. Yes 2. No
  1. If the answer to the previous question is yes, where do you plan to travel?
National destination Foreign destination
State City Country

Finally, could you please provide additional information to enable us to compile statistical summaries in groups so that we can put the information in context? We reiterate that this information is confidential and no individual data will be disclosed under any circumstances. 

  1. Age in years: _____________________
  1. Gender:
1. Male 2. Female
  1. Marital status:
1. Single 2. Married 3. Widowed 4. Separated 5. Divorced
  1. Education level:
1. Illiterate 2. Incomplete 3. Complete Primary 4. Incomplete
elementaryschool high school
5. Complete 6. Incomplete 7. Complete 8. Postgraduate
high school university University
  1. What is your household income?
1. $25k or less 2. $25k – $50k 3. $50k – $75k 4. $75k – $100k 5. $100k or more
  1. In which state do you live?­­­­­­­­­­­­­___________________________________
  2. In which city do you live? ____________________________________

2.

 One of the election promises for the current federal government was to set up policies to reduce the number of drug addicts in the community. You have been asked to design a survey questionnaire that would help them to gather the critical information which is necessary to set up their policies. Their policies must address moral, economical and social issues. In designing your questionnaire please consider the steps mentioned in question 1.

It is proposed the design of a statistical investigation that allows to approach a subject of a high complexity, which is the one referred to the estimation of the total people addicted to the drugs in our country. It is a very complex issue, in which the collection of data of the people who use these substances poses great challenges. However, a research proposal will be made, which should consider the difficulties identified.

  1. Research aims.

Establish the necessary information in terms of quality and quantity to study the prevalence of psychoactive drugs in the population of our country, aged between 18 and 64 years.

  1. Purpose of study

Design a survey that would help them to gather the critical information which is necessary to set up their policies. Their policies must address moral, economical and social issues.

  1. Population and sample.

The population is composed of people aged between 18 and 64 years, residing in the country. The sample will be selected in two stages. First, the houses will be selected. Once the interviewer is inside the house, he will randomly select a person between the ages of 18 and 64. The person selected will read the letter explaining the reason for the interview and will ask you to sign the letter of informed consent, in which you voluntarily agree to participate in the investigation.

  1. Data collection strategy.

A letter will be written, addressed to the selected people, explaining the objectives and the purpose of the study. The confidentiality of the data collected will be emphasized and it will be ensured that the data will only be used for research purposes and that the individual data will not be disclosed under any circumstances. In addition, the national health authority will be asked to authorize this research. In addition, emails will be sent with as much information as possible about this study. It is suggested that an information campaign be carried out by various mass media, in order to inform citizens about the general aspects of the study, in order to minimize the possibility of rejection of the interview.

  1. Pilot survey.

A non-probabilistic sample of people over the age of 18 years on the university campus (workers, teachers or students) will be selected to test the questionnaire and make estimates of the performance of the respondents in conducting the interviews and collecting impressions from the participants about the questions asked. The size of the pilot sample will be n = 50 participants, to ensure that the sample is large enough to be applicable to the Large Numbers Act and to use the approximation to the normal distribution.

  1. Design of questionnaire.

See Annex A2. It is necessary to indicate that some questions were adapted from the questionnaires indicated in the references of this work.

  1. Definitions.

Drugs.

The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines Drugs as:

“1 a obsolete :  a substance used in dyeing or chemical operations;

b :  a substance used as a medication or in the preparation of medication

c according to the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (1) :  a substance recognized in an official pharmacopoeia or formulary (see formulary 3) (2) :  a substance intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease prescription drugs drugs for treating high blood pressure (3) :  a substance other than food intended to affect the structure or function of the body (4) :  a substance intended for use as a component of a medicine but not a device or a component, part, or accessory of a device

 

2: a commodity that is not salable or for which there is no demand (see 1demand 3a) —used in the phrase drug on the market
3: something and often an illegal substance that causes addiction, habituation (see habituation 2b), or a marked change in consciousness keeping teens off drugs heroin and other hard drugs”

Additionally, Geramian, N., Gharaat, L., Taheri, S. A., Mohebpour, F., Nahvizadeh, M., Farajzadegan, Z., &Heidari, K. (2014) said that “On the whole, drug abuse is the result of the interaction between person, abused drug, and the environment. Knowledge and attitude toward this problem and its effects, easy access to such drugs, and the nature of the abused drug are among other effective factors”.

  1. References

Drug use questionnaire (DAST-20). Skinner, H. (1982). Addiction Research Foundation. Retrieved from http://adai.washington.edu/instruments/pdf/drug_abuse_screening_test_105.pdf

Drug.(n.d.). Retrieved August 24, 2017, from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/drug

Geramian, N., Gharaat, L., Taheri, S. A., Mohebpour, F., Nahvizadeh, M., Farajzadegan, Z., &Heidari, K. (2014). Development of a Questionnaire to Assess Drug Abuse among High School Students of Isfahan Province, Iran: An Action Research. International Journal of Preventive Medicine5(Suppl 2), S146–S153.Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4475999/

Government of Spain.Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality.Survey on Alcohol and Drugs in Spain.Interviewer’s Notebook (2013). Retrieved from http://www.pnsd.msssi.gob.es/profesionales/sistemasInformacion/sistemaInformacion/pdf/EDADES_2013_Cuestionario.pdf

ANNEX A2. Questionnaire.

Research on the Drug uses.

Questionnaire.

Dear Sir / Madam,

Thank you for your cooperation. This is a statistical research, which aims to estimate the number of people who use drugs in our country. It is essential that you respond to the questions in this questionnaire with the utmost sincerity.

It is an investigation whose results will serve to propose solutions to address the use of drugs in the community. This is not to persecute people who use those substances. The data collected in this research will only be used to obtain statistical indicators and in no case will the individual data or the identification of the persons interviewed be disclosed. We appreciate your cooperation and reiterate our absolute respect for the confidentiality of individual information.

The person responsible for this survey is XXX and can be contacted through the phone yyy-yyyyyy and the email qwerty@provider.com, in case you want to make any questions or make any additional comments to this interview.

SECTION I. SUBSTANCE USE. 

  1. Have you received any information about drug use? 
1. Yes 2. No
  1. Do you believe that people in this community have access to psychoactive drugs? 
1. Yes 2. No
  1. Have you ever used drugs for consumption? 
1. Yes 2. No

 

  1. If you answered YES to the previous question, please state your opinion on the following statements: 
Aspect to consider Strongly Agree Agree Undecided Disagree Strongly disagree
I used drugs once because I was curious about them. 1 2 3 4 5
I can use drugs to improve my performance under severe stress. 1 2 3 4 5
I have used drugs to try to escape my family problems. 1 2 3 4 5
I have suffered from drug-related illnesses. 1 2 3 4 5
Some members of my family have suffered from drug-related illness. 1 2 3 4 5
Some people in my family know that I use drugs 1 2 3 4 5
Relationships in my family have been affected by the use of drugs. 1 2 3 4 5
I have failed to fulfill some of my responsibilities for using drugs 1 2 3 4 5
Some people in my family have tried to help me stop using drugs 1 2 3 4 5
Some people in my community have tried to help me stop using drugs 1 2 3 4 5
Some people in my workplace have tried to help me stop using drugs 1 2 3 4 5
Some government institutions have tried to help me stop using drugs 1 2 3 4 5
Some members of my congregation or church have tried to help me stop using drugs 1 2 3 4 5

 

  1. Please state your opinion on the following statements: 
Aspect to consider Strongly Agree Agree Undecided Disagree Strongly disagree
I have received enough information in my home about drug use. 1 2 3 4 5
I have received enough information at my school / workplace about drug use. 1 2 3 4 5
My church / congregation can help people who use drugs and want to quit. 1 2 3 4 5
I have received enough information in my community about the use of drugs. 1 2 3 4 5
I have received enough information in the mass media about the use of drugs. 1 2 3 4 5
My community has been affected by the use of drugs. 1 2 3 4 5
Someone in my family has been affected by the use of drugs. 1 2 3 4 5
People who use drugs can easily quit. 1 2 3 4 5
Education in human values is fundamental to avoiding drug use. 1 2 3 4 5

 

  1. On average, how much money do you spend monthly on drugs? ______________ US $ 
  1. During the past 12 months, how many times have you had to go to a hospital for injuries or illnesses caused by drug use? _________________________________
  1. How difficult do you think it would be to obtain each of the following substances within 24 hours?
Substance Practically impossible Difficult Neutral Relatively easy Very easy
Hash, cannabis, marijuana 1 2 3 4 5
Heroin 1 2 3 4 5
Cocaine 1 2 3 4 5
Hallucinogens 1 2 3 4 5
Ecstasy or other synthetic drugs 1 2 3 4 5
GHB or liquid ecstasy 1 2 3 4 5
Amphetamines 1 2 3 4 5
Magic Mushrooms 1 2 3 4 5
Ketamine 1 2 3 4 5

SECTION II. CLASSIFICATION VARIABLES

Finally, could you please provide additional information to enable us to compile statistical summaries in groups so that we can put the information in context? We reiterate that this information is confidential and no individual data will be disclosed under any circumstances. 

  1. Age in years: _____________________
  1. Gender:
1. Male 2. Female
  1. Marital status:
1. Single 2. Married 3. Widowed 4. Separated 5. Divorced
  1. Educational level:
1. Illiterate 2. Incomplete 3. Complete Primary 4. Incomplete
    elementary  school high school
5. Complete 6. Incomplete 7. Complete 8. Postgraduate
high school university University
  1. Educational level of the Household Head:
1. Illiterate 2. Incomplete 3. Complete Primary 4. Incomplete
    elementary  school high school
5. Complete 6. Incomplete 7. Complete 8. Postgraduate
high school university University
  1. What is your household income?
1. $25k or less 2. $25k – $50k 3. $50k – $75k 4. $75k – $100k 5. $100k or more
  1. In which state do you live? ­­­­­­­­­­­­­___________________________________
  2. In which city do you live? ____________________________________ 

Solution 1 

Research on the tourist market.

Questionnaire.

Dear Sir / Madam,

Thank you for your cooperation. We are conducting a survey to investigate some aspects of the tourist travel of people in this city. A series of questions will be asked, which we wish to answer as honestly as possible. Your answers will be treated strictly confidentially and will be used only within the framework of this research. We want to emphasize that individual data will not be disclosed, but that figures representing groups of people will be used. Thank you for your participation.

The person responsible for this survey is XXX and can be contacted through the phone yyy-yyyyyy and the email qwerty@provider.com, in case you want to make any questions or make any additional comments to this interview.

SECTION I. TRIPS. 

  1. Have you taken any domestic tourism trip during the last year prior to this interview? 
1. Yes 2. No
  1. What was the main destination of the longest domestic trip?
Time of travel Destination
  1. What was the main reason for the domestic trip? 
MAIN REASON
  1. Business or professional reasons
  2. Educational
  3. Pleasure
  4. Visit family or friends
  5. Other

  

  1. Have you taken any foreign tourism trip during the last year prior to this interview? 
1. Yes 2. No

 

  1. What was the main destination of the longest foreign trip? 
Foreign main destination
Time of travel Country of destination
  1. What was the main reason for the longest foreign trip? 
MAIN REASON
  1. Business or professional reasons
  2. Educational
  3. Pleasure
  4. Visit family or friends
  5. Other
  1. What was the main transportation used to the longest travel? (Note: transportation used to travel the longest distance to the destination of the trip. Mark with an X in the corresponding box only one main transportation) 
MAIN TRANSPORTATION
1. Aerial
  2. Maritime or inland waterway
  3. Land
  4. Other

 

  1. What was the main type of accommodation used on the longest travel?
MAIN ACCOMMODATION
a. Market accommodation
     1. Hotel or aparthotel
     2. Pension, motel or guesthouse
     3. Complete rental property
     4. Room for rent in a private home
     5. Camping
     6. Cruise
     7. Others
B. Non-market accommodation
     8. Holiday housing
     9. Borrowed housing
     10. Resort
     11. Others

SECTION II. USE OF TOUR PACKAGES 

  1. Did you buy a tour package for the longest trip? (Note: Mark with an X in the corresponding box for each trip).
TOUR PACKAGE
1. Yes
2. No
  1. How much did you spend on tour packages for the longest trip?
TOUR PACKAGE
Amount (US $)
  1. What was the travel agency with which you booked the longest trip?

____________________________________________________________________________

  1. How did you book your tour package for the longest trip?(Note: Mark with an X in the corresponding box only one type of reservation for each trip)
PRINCIPAL WAY OF RESERVATION
1.Personally
2. Phone call
3. Smartphone app
4. E-mail
5. Web
  1. If the principal type of reservation for the longest trip was Smartphone app, what do you think about the Travel Agency app? For each of the following statements, state whether you are: 1. Strongly Agree, 2. Agree, 3. Undecided, 4. Disagree or 5. Strongly disagree. (Note: mark a number corresponding to the opinion issued for each statement).
Aspect to evaluate Strongly Agree Agree Undecided Disagree Strongly disagree
The app was easy to use. 1 2 3 4 5
The color scheme of the app is attractive. 1 2 3 4 5
The flow of the app seemed natural 1 2 3 4 5
The screens of the app say what I need to know at every step of the process 1 2 3 4 5
The app works correctly. 1 2 3 4 5
I would like to use apps like this every time I make a tourist reservation 1 2 3 4 5
The app was very useful to make the reservation. 1 2 3 4 5
  1. If the principal way of reservation for the longest trip was the Web, what do you think about the Travel Agency website? For each of the following statements, state whether you are: 1. Strongly Agree, 2. Agree, 3. Undecided, 4. Disagree or 5. Strongly disagree. (Note: mark a number corresponding to the opinion issued for each statement).
Aspect to evaluate Strongly Agree Agree Undecided Disagree Strongly disagree
The website was easy to navigate. 1 2 3 4 5
The color scheme of the website is attractive. 1 2 3 4 5
The combination of images and text of the web portal I liked. 1 2 3 4 5
The website was very useful to make the reservation. 1 2 3 4 5
The flow of the screens of the website was natural. 1 2 3 4 5
The website screens tell what I need to know at each stage of the process. 1 2 3 4 5

SECTION III. POSSIBLE TRIPS 

  1. Do you plan to take a tourism trip in the next twelve months?
1. Yes 2. No
  1. If the answer to the previous question is yes, where do you plan to travel?
Time of travel National destination (City) Foreign destination (Region)
  1. Do you plan to take a tourism trip in a year?
1. Yes 2. No
  1. If the answer to the previous question is yes, where do you plan to travel?
Time of travel National destination (City) Foreign destination (Region)
  1. Planning to undertake a tourism trip in two years?
1. Yes 2. No
  1. If the answer to the previous question is yes, where do you plan to travel?
Time of travel National destination (City) Foreign destination (Region)

Finally, could you please provide additional information to enable us to compile statistical summaries in groups so that we can put the information in context? We reiterate that this information is confidential and no individual data will be disclosed under any circumstances. 

  1. Age in years: _____________________
  1. Gender:
1. Male 2. Female
  1. Marital status:
1. Single 2. Married 3. Widowed 4. Separated 5. Divorced
  1. Education level:
1. Illiterate 2. Incomplete 3. Complete Primary 4. Incomplete
Elementaryschool high school
5. Complete 6. Incomplete 7. Complete 8. Postgraduate
high school university University
  1. What is your household income? __________________
  2. What is your household income?
1. $25k or less 2. $25k – $50k 3. $50k – $75k 4. $75k – $100k 5. $100k or more
  1. In which state do you live?­­­­­­­­­­­­­___________________________________ 

Final Report

Research on the tourist market

This research is intended to obtain information about people who have used the services of travel agencies for tourism travel, who are potential clients of a particular big travel agency that is interested in establishing operations in three states of ourcountry.

A questionnaire was designed that contemplates elements of interest regarding travel, use of tour packages, possible trips as well as a selection of socio-demographic questions that allow to characterize the group of people consulted.

Stratified sampling was used to improve the accuracy of the estimates. The strata consist of each of the states in which the tourism agency is interested in opening offices.The states considered are: VIC, NSW and QLD.

With regard to the age of the persons interviewed,Table A1 that it has an arithmetic mean of 52.09 years, with a standard deviation of 20,845 years (n = 250).

The histogram in Figure 1 was made for obtain information on the central tendency, variability and pattern of ages. It shows that this variable has a moderately asymmetric positive distribution, which does not seem to fit the normal distribution and atypical values do not appear to exist.

The estimation of the mean by stratified sampling is 52.089 years. The bond of error is: 2.50 years.

The amount of money spent on tour trips has an average of US $ 12602.9020 and a standard deviation of US $ 3134.80260 (n = 160).The histogram in Figure 2 shows that the amount of money spent follows a slightly asymmetric distribution, which is close enough to the normal curve.

The percentiles indicates that twenty-five percent of respondents who bought a tour package for the trips spent less than or equal to US $ 10463.1934. Twenty-five percent of the respondents who bought a tour package for the trips spent an amount greater than or equal to US $ 15058.3734.

On statistical analysis presented on C11 we recommend setting other intervals to define the age groups or reduce the number of intervals to re-test and verify again whether there are any significant differences between them.

With regard to the State of residence, the frequency distribution of this variable is presented on Table A45. The sample size in each stratum was calculated with the method of proportional allocation. In the bar graph of Fig. 42, it is observed that VIC has a prominent importance in the composition of the sample.

Table A7 indicates that 73.6 percent of the people interviewed traveled to domestic destinations during the 12 months prior to the interview. This percentage distribution is also presented in the pie chart of Figure 7.

As can be seen in table A8, 34.2 percent of people traveling to domestic destinations did so during Summer Holidays, followed by Easter Holidays, which was selected by 28.8 percent of the people. In addition, Figure 8 shows the asymmetry of the distribution, as well as the concentration of the largest amount of data in the two intermediate categories.

The distribution according to the chosen domestic destinations is presented in table A9 and the corresponding bar chart in Figure 9. The 19.3 percent of the people traveled to TAS, followed by VIC, where 18.2 percent of the people interviewed attended.

The frequency distribution of this variable is presented on Table A10. It is observed that the main reason for travel corresponds to Pleasure, with 29.9 percent of the total of people who traveled, followed by Visit family or friends, with 26.1 percent.

The Table A11 shows that 59.2 percent of the people traveled to foreign destinations during the 12 months prior to the interview.

Table A12 shows that the most frequent occasion that was selected by people who traveled to foreign destinations did during the Summer Holidays with 35.8 percent of the total number of people traveling abroad.

It is expressed in table A13 the most preferred foreign destinations were UK & Europe, with 21.6 percent of the people who traveled outside the country conducted.

The frequency distribution of main reason to travel to foreign destinations is presented on Table A15 and the corresponding bar chart in Figure 11. The main reason for travel is Pleasure, with 31.8 percent of the total of people.

The 83.3 percent of the people interviewed said that they purchased a package for the longest trip.

The agency most hired was Travel Agency 5, with 25.6 percent of the occasions, followed by Travel Agency 2, which was hired by 23.1 percent of people who made trips.

Of the total number of people booking package tours, 30.8 percent of them used the Smartphone to do so, while 28.9 percent of people booked through the web portal.

When considering the questions asked to evaluate the opinion about the operation of the smartphone app as well as the web portal, it is observed that a high proportion of responses are concentrated in the categories corresponding to Strongly Agree or Agree.The corresponding frequency distributions are found from Table A20 to Table A32.Therefore, we recommend examining web pages and travel agent app with the most responses received. These should serve as reference to the study contractor for the design of their technological tools, so that it incorporates elements that can improve the user experience with the other companies and is a reason for those potential clients to hire this travel agency in the future.

With regard to travel plans in the next 12, 24 and 36 months, it is observed that more than 60 percent of the people interviewed responded that they will do so. Additionally, when considering the occasion they plan to travel, more than 70 percent of respondents plan to do so during Easter Holidays or Summer Holidays. 

Solution 2 

Research on the Drug uses.

Questionnaire.

Dear Sir / Madam,

Thank you for your cooperation. This is a statistical research, which aims to estimate the number of people who use drugs in our country. It is essential that you respond to the questions in this questionnaire with the utmost sincerity.

It is an investigation whose results will serve to propose solutions to address the use of drugs in the community. This is not to persecute people who use those substances. The data collected in this research will only be used to obtain statistical indicators and in no case will the individual data or the identification of the persons interviewed be disclosed. We appreciate your cooperation and reiterate our absolute respect for the confidentiality of individual information.

The person responsible for this survey is XXX and can be contacted through the phone yyy-yyyyyy and the email qwerty@provider.com, in case you want to make any questions or make any additional comments to this interview.

SECTION I. SUBSTANCE USE. 

  1. Have you received any information about drug use prevention? 
1. Yes 2. No
  1. Have you ever used drugs for consumption? 
1. Yes 2. No

 

  1. If you answered YES to the previous question, please state your opinion on the following statements: 
Aspect to consider Strongly Agree Agree Undecided Disagree Strongly disagree
I used drugs once because I was curious about them. 1 2 3 4 5
I can use drugs to improve my performance under severe stress. 1 2 3 4 5
I have used drugs to try to escape my family problems. 1 2 3 4 5
I have suffered from drug-related illnesses. 1 2 3 4 5
Some members of my family have suffered from drug-related illness. 1 2 3 4 5
Some people in my family know that I use drugs 1 2 3 4 5
Relationships in my family have been affected by the use of drugs. 1 2 3 4 5
I have failed to fulfill some of my responsibilities for using drugs 1 2 3 4 5
Some people in my family have tried to help me stop using drugs 1 2 3 4 5
Some people in my community have tried to help me stop using drugs 1 2 3 4 5
Some people in my workplace have tried to help me stop using drugs 1 2 3 4 5
Some government institutions have tried to help me stop using drugs 1 2 3 4 5
Some members of my congregation or church have tried to help me stop using drugs 1 2 3 4 5

 

  1. Do any members of your family or friends use drugs? 
1. None 2. A few 3. About half 4. Most 5. All

 

  1. Which of the following drugs have you been offered? (Select only one option) 
1.Ecstasy 2. Marijuana / 3. Hallucinogens / 4. Heroin
    Cannabis     LSD / PCP
5. Tranquillisers, 6. Cocaine 7. Meth /amphetamine
    sleeping pills

  

  1. Are you addicted to any of the following drugs? (Select only one option) 
1.Ecstasy 2. Marijuana / 3. Hallucinogens / 4. Heroin
    Cannabis     LSD / PCP
5. Tranquillizers, 6. Cocaine 7. Meth /amphetamine
    sleeping pills

 

  1. How often do you use drugs? 
1. Never 2. Rarely 3. Sometimes 4. Often 5. Always
  1. Who introduced you to drug use for the first time? 
1. Brother or sister 2. Spouse or partner 3. Parent 4. Other
5. Other relative 6. Stole it 7. Friends / 8. Purchased it myself
  acquaintance From shop or dealer

  

  1. On average, how much money do you spend weekly on drugs? ______________ US $ 
  1. What is the main way you get the drugs? 
1. Family / Friends 2. Make it myself 3. A dealer
4. Steal it 5. Other
  1. What is the main site where you use drugs? 
1. Pubs / Clubs 2. At home / Friend’s house 3. In public places
4. In a car / 5. At party 6. at restaurant / Cafés
    Other vehicles
7. At school / University 8. Other 9. At my workplace

 

  1. Do you need help or support to stop using drugs? 
1. Yes 2. No

SECTION II. CLASSIFICATION VARIABLES

Finally, could you please provide additional information to enable us to compile statistical summaries in groups so that we can put the information in context? We reiterate that this information is confidential and no individual data will be disclosed under any circumstances. 

  1. Age in years: _____________________
  1. Gender:
1. Male 2. Female
  1. Marital status:
1. Single 2. Married 3. Widowed 4. Separated 5. Divorced
  1. Educational Status:
1. Primary 2. Secondary 3. College / University 4. Postgraduate
school     school degree
  1. Employment Status:
1. Retired/ 2. Unemployed 3. Student 4. Unable
pension To work
5. Looking 6. Self-employed 7. Employed 8. Other
For job
  1. What is your income?
1. $250 or less 2. $250 – $500 3. $500 – $800 4. $800 – $1000
5. $1000 – $2000 6. $2000 or more
  1. In which state do you live? ­­­­­­­­­­­­­___________________________________

Final Report 

Research on the Drug uses

This research is intended to obtain information about people who use drugs in three states of ourcountry.

A questionnaire was designed that contemplates elements of substance use, amount spent on drugs, aspects to consider about the social environment of the person who consumes drugsas well as a selection of socio-demographic questions that allow to characterize the group of people consulted.

Stratified sampling was used to improve the accuracy of the estimates. The strata consist of each of the states in which the tourism agency is interested in opening offices.The states considered are: VIC, NSW and QLD.

The age of the respondents has an arithmetic mean of 31.87years, with a standard deviation of 8.574 years (n = 200).

The frequency distribution of this variable is shown in Table A2. 3.5 percent of total respondents have ages between 15 and 17 years. The category with the highest frequency is that corresponding to the group of 25 to 34 years, followed by the group formed by people aged between 35 and 44 years.

The age distribution percentiles are given in Table A30. 25 percent of people are aged less than or equal to 26 years and 75 percent of people are less than or equal to 37 years old.

The frequency histogram of this variable is presented in Figure 1. The distribution is slightly asymmetric and unimodal. Moreover, it is quite close to the normal distribution.However, in the age bar chart by residence state, which has been presented in Figure 4, it has been appreciated that the distribution is asymmetric within the groups corresponding to NSW and QLD; the median is closer to the third quartile in both cases. In addition, atypical values have been detected in these two states.

The proportional allocation is done to obtain n1, n2and n3, according to the defined N1, N2and N3. Then, the mean and the variance of age are estimated on the sample to obtain the measure of the error of estimation of the average age. The mean by stratified sampling is 31.87 years. The bond of error is 1.150 years.

The amount of money spent weekly on drugshas an average of US $ 458.3170 and a standard deviation of US $ 191.00135 (n = 108).The histogram, in Figure 3,was constructed to observe the pattern of the variable, as well as to analyze the central tendency, the dispersion and the symmetry of the series. The distribution is slightly asymmetric and bimodal, although it is very close to the normal distribution.The two samples t-test is detailed in Table C5. There is no significant difference between the mean of age in the defined groups.

The average amount of money spent weekly on drugs is compared among the age categories. The one-way ANOVA is detailed on Table C4Based on the p-value (0.214> 0.05), the respondents spend the same amount of money on average in each age group.

The average amount of money spent weekly on drugs is compared among the Marital status categories. The one-way ANOVA is detailed on Table C5. Based on the p-value (0.547> 0.05), the respondents spend the same amount of money on average in each marital status group.

The average amount of money spent weekly on drugs is compared among the Educational status categories. The one-way ANOVA is detailed on Table C6.  Based on the p-value (0.794 > 0.05), the respondents spend the same amount of money on average in each educational status group.

The average amount of money spent weekly on drugs is compared among the Employment status categories. The one-way ANOVA is detailed on Table C7. Based on the p-value
(0.708 > 0.05), the respondents spend the same amount of money on average in each employment status group. The estimation of the mean by stratified sampling is. The bond of error is

The descriptive statistics of income are indicated in Table A59. The arithmetic mean is US$1065.5312 and the standard deviation is US$487.40646 (n = 200).The percentiles of income distribution are given in Table A31. The 25 percent of people have weekly income less than or equal to US$ 701.7571. Additionally, 50 percent of people have weekly income less than or equal to US$ 1056.8225.

61.0 percent of the people have received information about drug use prevention.

54.0 percent of the people have ever used drugs for consumption.

In the aspects to be considered in question 3, the frequency distributions corresponding to each of these affirmations (Tables A13 to A25), it is observed that the answers of the people consulted are concentrated in the first two categories.The bar plots of this group of questions are shown from Figure 6 through Figure 18, and this pattern is evidenced in the concentration of responses.

Only 5.6 percent of people responded that none of their family or friends are drug users. Additionally, 45.4 percent of people responded that about half of their family members or friends are using drugs. These figures are indicative of the high incidence of drug use among all persons consulted. The bar plot of this variable is displayed in Figure 19.

The frequency distribution of drugs that have been offered to them is in Table A27. The 22.2 percent of people consulted have offered Hallucinogens / LSD / PCP, while 20.4 percent of people have offered heroin; with respect to addictions, 23.4 percent of people indicated that they are addicted to Tranquillizers and sleeping pills. On the other hand, 19.1 percent of people responded that they are addicted to Ecstasy.

With respect to frequency of use, 34.4 percent of people often use drugs and 17.6 percent of the people were introduced by friends or acquaintance.

The frequency distribution of main way to get the drugsis shown in Table A31. 26.9 percent of people responded that drugs are stolen, while 24.1 percent said they obtained them through a dealer.

Finally, 54.6 percent of people responded that they need help or support to stop using drugs.